Rwanda the Land of a Thousand Hills

Rwanda was reborn after the end of the mass killings, the machete days of 1994 genocide. A lot of blood shades gave Rwanda another new route to take.

But up to date, Rwanda is yet to settle with coherent peace and stability on both social and political spheres. Subjection of torture, impeachments, abduction, unfair elections, inflation and so many other aspects to third world country.

Apart from that, we cannot overlook the continuous development of infrastructure, including roads, the entertainment industry, and social frameworks. However, on a global scale, Rwanda continues to experience persistent oppression, contributing to the significant influx of refugees from the country.

The political situation in Rwanda has been a complex and sensitive topic. The Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) has been in power since the end of the Rwandan Civil War in 1994. While the country has made significant progress in terms of economic development and stability, concerns about political freedoms and human rights have been raised by various international organizations.

Some critics argue that the government, led by the RPF, has taken measures to suppress dissent, curtail political opposition, and restrict the media. Reports of arbitrary arrests, intimidation, and harassment of opposition figures have also been raised.

It’s essential to approach discussions on such matters with a nuanced understanding of the historical context, as Rwanda has faced deep-seated issues stemming from the 1994 genocide. The government’s focus on stability and economic development is often juxtaposed against concerns about political pluralism and human rights.

Abductions, false charges, and death penalties are serious allegations that demand thorough investigation and consideration of evidence. International human rights organizations continue to monitor and report on the situation, emphasizing the importance of upholding democratic principles and respecting human rights.

UN Innervation

The UN, through various bodies such as the Human Rights Council, has expressed concerns about human rights violations in different countries, including Rwanda. It’s important to note that the effectiveness of UN actions can vary, and addressing such issues often involves diplomatic and political considerations.

Abusive actions by Rwandan authorities extended beyond the nation’s borders. In August this year, the United Nations Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of Congo presented “substantial evidence” indicating Rwandan forces engaging in combat alongside and offering support to the M23 armed group.

Rwandan refugees and members of the diaspora disclosed instances of intimidation and harassment by agents of the Rwandan government or their representatives. Human Rights Watch obtained details about numerous incidents involving the killing, disappearance, or arrest of Rwandan refugees under questionable circumstances, notably in Mozambique and Uganda.

In April, the United Kingdom and Rwandan governments revealed the endorsement of a novel Asylum Collaboration Pact, wherein the UK intends to transfer to Rwanda individuals seeking asylum in the UK via “unconventional” routes. In line with the agreement, individuals seeking asylum relocated to Rwanda would undergo evaluation within Rwanda’s asylum framework.

If acknowledged as refugees, they would be granted refugee status within Rwanda, with Rwanda managing declined claims. This strategy, seen as a relinquishment of the UK’s international responsibilities and commitments to asylum seekers and refugees, encountered legal opposition in a UK court.

Acts of aggression and intimidations by agents of the Rwandan government or their representatives targeting Rwandan refugees residing abroad, including in Uganda, Mozambique, South Africa, and Kenya, persisted. Typically, the targets were political adversaries or critics of the Rwandan government or President Paul Kagame.

In the UN Secretary-General’s annual report in September 2022, the instance of harassment and threats against Noël Zihabamwe, a Rwandan refugee living in Australia, and individuals in Rwanda associated with him was underscored. This followed his engagement with the UN Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances.

Kagame’s Rule

Paul Kagame’s rule over Rwanda has indeed been a topic of debate and discussion. While his leadership has been credited with economic growth and stability, there have been concerns and allegations of human rights abuses, political repression, and restrictions on freedom of the press. The situation is complex, and opinions on Kagame’s rule vary

In the past few years, the Rwandan government has sought or entered into extradition agreements with numerous nations to bring back individuals accused of genocide for prosecution in Rwanda. However, there are ongoing worries about the potential lack of adherence to fair trial standards in domestic trials for atrocities. In April, Swedish officials sent Jean Paul Micomyiza to Kigali after detaining him in November 2020 based on charges from Rwandan prosecutors.

Of all aside, Rwanda is among the countries in East Africa with extreme rapid growth and hence contribute to Kagame’s reign of positivity’s.

Economic Growth; Despite the historical challenges, Rwanda has experienced economic growth in recent years. The government has implemented policies to attract foreign investment and promote business development.

Social Reconciliation: Efforts have been made to foster reconciliation between the Hutu and Tutsi communities. Initiatives at the community level, such as Gacaca courts, aimed to bring about healing and justice.

Stability and Security: The government, under President Paul Kagame, has prioritized stability and security. This has contributed to a relatively peaceful environment compared to the immediate post-genocide period.

International Assistance: Rwanda has received international assistance for its reconstruction efforts. This aid has been crucial in rebuilding infrastructure, improving healthcare, and advancing education.


Human Rights Concerns: There have been persistent concerns about human rights violations in Rwanda. Reports of political repression, restrictions on freedom of expression, and alleged extrajudicial killings have raised international scrutiny.

Political Authoritarianism: President Kagame’s leadership has been criticized for its authoritarian tendencies, including limitations on political opposition and press freedom. This has led to a lack of political pluralism.

Regional Tensions: Rwanda’s involvement in the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo has strained relations with neighboring countries. Accusations of supporting rebel groups have fueled tensions in the region.

Refugee Crisis: The issues in Rwanda have led to a significant number of citizens seeking refuge in neighboring countries. This has created a refugee crisis with socio-economic implications for both Rwanda and host nations.

Legacy of Genocide: The deep scars of the 1994 genocide still affect the country. Trauma, social divisions, and challenges in achieving true reconciliation persist.

Kagame eventually, referred to as the oppressing King, he has registered some important tines though Internals refer him as an Authoritarian, still drive Rwanda and the whole of masses on his fingertips.


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